• Demystify Cyber

Fact Sheet - HTTPS

Updated: Mar 23

The Hypertest Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a set of communication rules that transfers information across the internet. For example, your computer visits a website and sends a request to the server the web files are stored on. The server then communicates back to your computer and provides the files so you can see the website. The Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS), first used in 1994, places a layer of encryption over HTTP to help prevent sensitive data, like payment details, being eavesdropped or leaked. This means that a site using HTTPS is encrypted and private, however just because a website is using HTTPS does not mean the site is safe from being compromised, nor does it prevent a site from dropping malware on its visitors' computers or being used to phish for credentials. In fact criminals may purchase their own certificates to create malicious websites using HTTPS.


HTTPS means the web traffic is encyrpted for data transmission security but does not guarantee that the website is legitimate, free of malware, or not being used for phishing.


Do not be lulled into a false sense of security when you see a site is using HTTPS, it may be encrypted but that doesn't mean the site is not being used by criminals.

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What to do if you are a victim of cybercrime


• Australia, please report the matter via https://www.cyber.gov.au/report

• UK, please report via report.ncsc.gov.uk

• USA, please report via https://www.ic3.gov/

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Written by A. Turner

© A. Turner 2021 https://www.demystifycyber.com.au/

Provided for general information and education purposes

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